Proper Wine Cooler Storage Temperature
Many people go through the effort of reading wine reviews, going to their local wine retailer, and investing hard-earned money in a fine wine. But one way to ruin your wine investment is failing to give proper attention to the temperature at which you store and serve your wines. Aging temperature is very important and much effort has been put forth to ensure proper wine coolers and refrigerators are available to wine enthusiasts.
These wine coolers generally have very user-friendly and accurate temperature controls which can precisely maintain an internal climate in either one or multiple zones. In addition, when researching which wine cooler is best for you, many will advise on where to place the wine cooler for best wine temperature maintenance. Some wine refrigerators are better suited for the interior of your home whereas others can handle a wider ambient degree fluctuation and can therefore be kept in a garage or basement.
Red wines and white wines have their own preferred temperature ranges for both storage and serving. It’s beneficial to have at least a rudimentary knowledge of how best to chill your delicious wines. Moreover, among red and white wines, the individual varietals can also prefer one temperature range to another. The ideal temperatures for red and white wines as well as varying varietals will be discussed below but it would also be helpful to find or make a chart as a reminder when buying wines.
There are a few basic temperature facts every wine lover should know that can either negatively or positively impact aging wines regardless of the grape origin. Obviously, extremes in temperature are undesirable. Wine stored too warmly will age prematurely and its flavor will be compromised. Wine stored too coldly will also lose its flavor because it’s not allowed to mature properly. Also, it’s important to keep the cork moist to prevent cracking which could expose your wine to unwanted oxygen. This is the reason wines are not frozen or stored too coldly and why you always see wine bottles aging horizontally.
Wine Storage Temperature
The storage temperature for red wine is suggested at between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Reminiscent of the original cave storing method used in France, many wine experts suggest 50 degrees is an ideal storage temperature, give or take a few degrees. The wine caves of old were filled with small wine racks and large wine shelves without the need for cooling units; the ground itself sheltered and cooled naturally by the earth.
Wine Serving Temperature
The serving temperature for red wines depends on the body of the wine. Darker, richer red wines such as Bordeaux, Shiraz, Burgundy, and Cabernet Sauvignon should be served slightly warmer but still cooler than room temperature at around 63 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Medium to lighter- bodied red wines like Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Chianti, Rioja, and Madeira are tastier when enjoyed at 54 to 61 degrees Fahrenheit.
Wine Storage Temperature
Unlike red wines, white wines can be stored and served at cooler temperatures. In fact, a perfectly chilled white wine is intoxicatingly expressive. White wines are better stored between the temperature range of 45 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Many wine coolers on the market now offer dual temperature zones allowing independent control of temperature. This allows you to store your red wines at their ideal temperature and likewise, your whites at theirs.
Wine Serving Temperature
Similar to red wines, the perfect serving temperature for white wines can vary depending on the body of the white wine. Full-bodied white wines, such as White Burgundy, are best served at about 52 degrees Fahrenheit. Medium to light-bodied white wines like, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Chablis, and Semillon are better enjoyed at a cooler range between 48 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. A good rule to keep in mind is never serve wine warmer than 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
Sweet and sparkling wines are a delightful treat! Why spoil them by serving them at improper temperatures. With a little forethought and planning, your celebratory Muscat or Champagne can add immensely to the perfect occasion. Sauternes, Asti, Muscat, Cava, and Champagne are best served in the temperature range of 43 to 47 degrees Fahrenheit. Reaching such an exact temperature can seem like a daunting task but wine coolers and refrigerators with temperature readouts can tremendously lessen the work involved.
Humidity is another environmental factor to keep in mind when storing wine bottles. Too much humidity can cause damage to wine labels and cellar woods as well as stimulate mold growth. Too little humidity can cause dry corks and air exposure. The ideal humidity range for storing any wine is approximately 60 to 75%. Again, some wine cooler and refrigerator models have a built-in humidity sensor which can assist you in maintaining a desired level. If you plan on enjoying wines in the years to come, research wine coolers and find an affordable unit that meets your wine storage needs. This will take the stress out of storing wines and allow you to simply enjoy each sip.